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Basic Computer Fundamentals

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Basic Computer Fundamentals

Basic Computer Fundamentals Questions and Answers

 

Q1. Starting or restarting a computer is called _______ the system.

Answer:-Booting

Q2. _____ are used to store data and programs.

Answer:-File

Q3. ____ is unprocessed facts.

Answer:-Data

Q4. Windows XP is an example of

Answer:-Operating system

Q5. Every computer must have an operating system.

Answer:-True




Q.6. Systems software includes all of the following except

Answer:-Desktop publishing

Q.7. Which of the following is an Operating System?

Answer:-All of these

Q.8. ______ is background software that helps the computer manage it’s own internal resources

Answer:-System Software

Q.9. _____ is the ability of the operating system to run more than one application at a time

Answer:-Multitasking

Q.10. Another name for software is

Answer:-Programs

Q.11. ______ consists of the step-by-step instruction that tell the computer how to do its work

Answer:-Program

Q.12. ______ specify rules or guidelines for computer operations.

Answer:-Procedures

Q.13. Which programs reduce the size of the files so that they occupy lesser space on the disk?

Answer:-File Compression

Q.14. Processing data creats _______

Answer:-Information

Q.15. _____ are also known as Service Programs.

Answer:-Utilities

Q.16. Which of the following components are used to store data?

Answer:-Memory




Q.17. Each track is divided into wedge-shaped section called Sectors.

Answer:-True

  1. 18. Backup programs make copies of the files to be used in case the original files are damaged or lost.

Answer:-True

Q.19. A complete computer system is made up of User, Procedure, Hardware, Software and Data.

Answer:-True

Q.20. Disk Defragmenter is utilities program that locates and eliminates unnecessary fragments and rearranges files and unused disk space to optimize operations.

Answer:-True

Q.21. This type of software is designed to help you be more productive in performing tasks, and is widely used in nearly every discipline and occupation.

Answer:-Basic Application Software

Q.22. The ____ displays a list of commands that can be used to gain access to information, change hardware settings, find information stored in the, get online help and shut down the computer

Answer:-Start Button

Q.23. Word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database managers, and graphics programs are graphics programs are all grouped under the title

Answer:-Application Software

Q.24. Which of the following is the unit of Computer memory?

Answer:-Kilo Bytes

  1. 25. Capacity a storage device is usually measured in terms of Meter.

Answer:-False

Q.26. Minicomputers are also known as

Answer:-Midrange Computers

Q.27. Which of the following is the primary memory?

Answer:-RAM

Q.28. Which of the following would not be considered as portable computer?

Answer:-A Desktop Computer

Q.29. A software is also called as a

Answer:-Programs

Q.30. Another name for the keyboard, mouse, monitor, and system unit is

Answer:-Hardware

Q.31. Random Access Memory (RAM) is ____ type of memory

Answer:-Temporary

  1. 32. ____ consists of step-by-step instructions that tells the computer how to complete the task

Answer:-Program




Q.33. Following are the units of memory.

Answer:-Megabytes

Q.34. _____ is also known as the system cabinet or chassis.

Answer:-System Unit

Q.35. ____ are graphical objects used to represent and open commonly used applications

Answer:-Icons

Q.36. GUI stands for

Answer:-Graphical User Interface

Q.37. Each track is divided into wedge-shaped sections called ____

Answer:-Sectors

Q.38. Which of the following components is used to store data?

Answer:-Memory

Q.39. The keyboard keys that are labeled F1, F2 and so on are called ___

Answer:-Function keys

Q.40. Which of the following device is used to play fast games on a computer?

Answer:-Joystick

Q.41. Output of an image on the monitor screen is often called hard copy.

Answer:-False

Q.42. Which of the following device is not from pointing type of device?

Answer:-Keyboard

Q.43. Instead of function keys which keys are use to create a shortcut.

Answer:-Combination keys

Q.44. Which of the following device is used to play fast computer games?

Answer:-Joystick

Q.45. Output of an image through a printer is often called hard copy

Answer:-True

Q.46. The keys labeled 0-9 on the keyboard are called.

Answer:-Numeric keys

Q.47. ______ devices translate what people understand into a form that computers can process.

Answer:-Input

Q.48. The easiest way to access any part of the screen in the windows operating system is using the

Answer:-Mouse

Q.49. _____ translate data and programs that human can understand into a form that the computer can process.

Answer:-Input devices

Q.50. The mouse pointer seen on the Desktop is also called as ______.

Answer:-Arrow pointer

Q.51. Which of these is not an input device?

Answer:-Monitor

Q.52. The keyboard keys like Caps Lock that turn a feature on or off are called.

Answer:-Toggle keys

Q.53. Touch screen and touch surface are the same things

Answer:-False

Q.54. Dot matrix printers make irritating noise.

Answer:-True

Q.55. ________ translate the process information from the computer into a form that humans can understand.

Answer:-Output devices

Q.56. Wireless keyboard transmit input to the system unit through the air

Answer:-False

Q.57. Passive and Active matrix are two basic types of _____

Answer:-Flat Panel Monitors

Q.58. Pressing this key turns a feature on or off

Answer:-Toggle keys

Q.59. ______ also known as voice grade and low bandwidth which is used for standard telephone communication.

Answer:-Voice band

Q.60. The _____ is excepted to alter communications and computer systems.

Answer:-Wireless Revolution




Q.61. A CD-R stands for

Answer:-CD-Recordable

Q.62. Secondary storage is nonvolatile.

Answer:-True

Q.63. 3 ½ floppy disc capacity is –

Answer:-1.44 MB

Q.64. What is the full form of ROM?

Answer:-Read-only memory

Q.65. Modem convert data from a CD to a hard disk

Answer:-False

Q.66. Which of the following is a storage device?

Answer:-Hard Disk

Q.67. _____ are removable storage device used to store massive amounts of information

Answer:-Floppy Disk

Q.68. DVD means

Answer:-Digital Versatile Disk

Q.69. A CD-ROM stands for

Answer:-Compact Disc Read Only Memory

Q.70. Protocols like PPP and SLIP are used for

Answer:-Data transfer

Q.71. High capacity disks also known as floppy disk cartridges are rapidly replacing the traditional floppy disk.

Answer:-True

Q.72. Super Disks are produced by imation and have a 120 MB or 240 MB capacity.

Answer:-True

  1. 73. The 2HD on a disk label means

Answer:-Two side

Q.74. Hard Disk Packs are removable storage devices used to store massive amounts of information

Answer:-True

Q.75. _____ disks from the Sony Corporation have a capacity of 200 MB or 720 MB.

Answer:-HiFD Disks

Q.76. A track on a disk is one of the many circular ring shaped areas where data is written data is written magnetically.

Answer:-True

Q.77. Zip Disks are produced by lomega and typically have a 100 MB, 250 MB ot 750 MB capacity over 500 times as much as today’s standard floppy disk.

Answer:-True

Q.78. B2C, C2C and B2B are type of ____

Answer:-E-commerce

  1. 79. _____ is a concept related to using computer networks to link people and resources

Answer:-Connectivity

Q.80. _____ provides a fast, efficient alternative to traditional mail by receiving electronic documents.

Answer:-E-mail




Q.81. MAN means

Answer:-Metropolitan Area Network

Q.82. ______ measures capacity of communication channel.

Answer:-Bandwidth

Q.83. WAN means

Answer:-Wide Area Network

Q.84. The extensions .gov, .edu, .mil, and .net are called

Answer:-Domain codes

Q.85. Which is web search engine used worldwide?

Answer:-Google

Q.86. Which of the following is a browser?

Answer:-Internet

Q.87. A. device that connects to a network without the use of cables is said to be

Answer:-Wireless

Q.88. _______ is used to see the web pages.

Answer:-Internet

Q.89. The network connecting several computers all over the world is?

Answer:-Internet

Q.90. Web spiders and crawlers are examples of

Answer:-Search engines

Q.91. to send e-mail to someone you need to know only his

Answer:-E-mail addresss

Q.92. IP Address means

Answer:-Internet Protocol address




Q.93. bps stand for

Answer:-Bits per second

Q.94. Every computer on the internet has a unique numeric address called an _______

Answer:-IP address

Q.95. which operator helps you to get specific results while searching about any topic in Google?

Answer:-Search operator

Q.96.Why do we download any webpage in Wikipedia in offline mode?

Answer:-For accessing the webpage offline

Q.97. Following is a script language used, while designing a web page.

Answer:-HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language)

Q.98. When you type an address such as http://www.universalit.org, in this .org indicates that it is a

Answer:-Organizational web site

Q.99. What is E-mail?

Answer:-Electronic mailing

Q.100. Which of the following system electronic letter or message sent between individuals or computers?

Answer:-E-mail

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